the Baltic consonants š, ž, č, are written out as sh, zh, ch.

elder (tree) seive, or bezde
elevate (Inf.) pa-austint
eleven aindesimt ainas
elk ( doe ) alne
elk ( male) alnis (cervus elaphus)
ell ( 32 inches) vōl'tis
elm vimina
elsewhere kitakvei   ( <* kitakuei )
ember ( glowing ) zarija
embroider (Inf.) adīt
empty (Inf.) dīkint
empty (hollow) tust'as
endure (Inf.) verautun
enemy preisikas
engrave (Inf.) ensēkt
enjoyment labapadingausna
enlighten (Inf.) erzvaigzdint
enough! ganan!
enraged (Inf.) ernertīt  
entertain guests (Inf.) vaisint
entirely visai
entrance eneisena
equal līgus, aikūstas
equality  līgība
erect
(Inf.) kelt
ermine gailukas
err (Inf.) kurt
error kliuda
escape (liberate) (Inf.) mukt
especially sklaitiskai
espouse (Inf.) zenīt
establish (Inf.) enteikotun  
esteemed auktarikījiskas  
estimate (Inf.) vertīt
eternal prabūtiskas
eternally prabūtiskai
even līgus
even out (Inf.) līginot     
even, also (prep.) er
evening vakaras, bētas
ever (constantly) ainat
everywhere viskvei  ( <* viskuei )
evident akivīstas
evidently akivīstai
evil spirit (goblin) kaukas
evil, bad piktas
evil-doers vargasegjant'ai  
example pervaidinsna
except (prep.) sklaits
exchange mainas
exclude (Inf.) izsklaitint
excuse (Inf.) atvinūtun
exempt (Inf.) izimt
exhaustion alsa
exhort (Inf.) paskalīt  
existence būsna
expanding (rapidly) plītrūstas  
experience (Inf.) sanrīptun
explain (Inf.) pa-aiskint
exploit (Inf.) iznaudot  
exteral izvinandau
extinguish (Inf.) gesint
eye akis
eyebrow brūve
eyesight akivīsta
fabric (fine) pastovas  
face prusnan
fade (Inf.) blukt
faint (Inf.) alpt
fairy lauma
faith (hope, wish) aushautīsna  
faithful druvingas
falcon valkis
Fall Asenis
fall krūvis
fall (Inf.) krūtun
fall, drop (Inf.) paltun
fall asleep (Inf.) izmigt
fall off (Inf.) atkrist
false redas
false (unfounded) rediskas
false-witness redivīdikausna 
falsely redivingai    
family seima
famine badas
fan (blow) (Inf.) vēt
farmer (plowman) artojas    
fart perdis
fart (Inf.) pezdīt
fast (Inf.) pastaut
fat mīnzas
Fate ( Spirit of )  Laima
father tovas  ( <* tāvas)
father ( of the house ) butatovas 
father-in-law tistīs
fatten (Inf.) tukt
favored labiskas
fear bijosna 
fear (Inf.) bijot 
feast lankina
February vasaris
fecundity branda
feed (Inf.) pamaitotun 
feed (people) (Inf.) sert
feeling seile
feeling (intuitive sense) auseiliska
felt ( mill ) (Inf.) velt
feminine genaniska
fen panian
fence gardis
ferment raugus
fertile place dinga
fertility derla
fever enois
few maza (little)
field laukas ( Click here for Photo ) [ Vedic "u-loka-" free space ]
fieldfare pīkle
fife pipelis
fifteen aindesimt penkei
fifth penktas
fifty penkdesimt
fight (Inf.) valint
fight! (imp.) valinais!
fill (Inf.) erpilnint
filly kēvene
filter plausan
filth dasna
fin peleka
finch zvile
find (Inf.) aupaltun
finger pirstan
fir branch barus
fire panu (neut.)
fire ( little domestic ) panīka
firmly drūktai
first pirmas
fish zukas
fish (Inf) zukaut
fish-bone asaka
fisherman zukautojas
fish-hook ansas
fishing rod dalkis
fishing-reel vītulas
fish line  vūda
fish net bradai, vadas
fish trap venteris
fissure aiza
fist kumstis
five penkei / penkis
flag (banner) kar'angus
flame lopas. panu
flash merklina
flat (shallow) lazinis
flatcake plinksne
flax, linen lina
flea blusa
flee (Inf.) pabēgt
flesh (meat) mensa
flexible lunas
fletch paltis
flint ( for fire ) nagas
flock-birds tuntas
flock-herd kaimene
flood auskandinsna
flood tvanas, dapas
flood alīt (Inf)    
flooding (adj.) samūstas
floor (story) stovas 
floor (ground) talus
flow (Inf.) dravat, rusīt 
flow ( swiftly ) (Inf.) zervint
flow (Inf.) stravent
flower zaide, gēle
flue atkodis   
fluid sunka
flutter (Inf.) skrait
fly musa
fly (Inf.) lidinot 
foal mald'an
foam (head on beer) spainā
fodder perdan
fog kupsīnis, dulgas, vukas
fog (with drizzle) dul'ava
folk l'audis
follow (Inf.) rīptun
follow (Inf.) sekt
fond of teaching mokinavis   
food ēdis
food landan
foot nage
for (prep.) per-
for, before (prep.) prei-
for, since (conj.) begi
forbid (Inf.) draudīt    
forbode (Inf.) just
ford (crossing) brasta
forehead kakta
forest med'an
forge (Inf.) kalint
forgive (Inf.) atverpt
forgiveness atvirpsna  
form ( appearance ) veidas
formerly kitadan
fortify (Inf.) padrūtint
fortunate laimas, labiskas
forty keturdesimt
for this stasma
for whom kasma
four keturei / keturis
fourteen aindesimt keturei
fourth ketvirtas
fox lape
fragment ardas
freckle paigma
free pavirpas
freedom erkīnsna
freeman talkinīkas
frequent deznas
frequently deznai
Friday Pentnīkis
friend  ginis, gine  (common gender)
friendly ginivingas 
friendly (adj.) giniskas
friendly ginivingiskas 
frog krupeile
from (prep.)  at-
from aza ( also "eza" [ w/ Dat. or Acc ] )
from now on izteinū
from ( w/ Dat. or Acc. )  iz-
frost pasalīs
frozen galtinis
fruit veisīs
fuel ( for fire ) kneistis
full pilnas
full moon pilnatis
fullness pilnībā
funny jōkingas
furrow reda
future paraitis
gad-fly aklis
gain (Inf.) gūt
gain ( acquire ) (Inf.) peldīt 
Galindian galindiskai
Galindian galindiskan
gall galu
gap ( fissure ) zapse, suke
garden plat līsa
garlic kermus
garret riklas
gate dvaris
gate ( for walkers ) lapivartai  
gather (Inf.) sanrenkt
gather (Inf.) enperint
gelding vilenīkas
genuine arvis, arviska
gentle mīlingas
gentle danginiskas
gear dantikelan
German miksiskai
ghost velinas
gift donis
girl merga
give (Inf.) dōtun
give (Inf.) padōtun
give! (imp.) dōite!
glade kursas, trakas
gladly reidai
gland l'auka
glass stikla
glitter (Inf.) blizgint
gloom tamsa
glow ( of hot ember ) zare
glue klejai
gnaw (Inf.) grauzt
gnomes bezdukai
go (Inf.) ait ( also "eit" )
go! (imp.) jais!
go (Inf.) gobtun   
go into (Inf.) naikautun
go (ride) (Inf.) jot 
go (wander) (Inf.) gait
goat (billygoat) vozukas 
goat (kid-goat) vozist'an  
goat (she-goat) voze 
goblet k'ose
goblin baugas
God Deivas
god-parent komateris
gold ausas
golden yellow zeltainan
goldfinch zinguris
goldsmith ausakalis
good-bye sandeiv
good-luck! laban-giliukan!
good  labas
goodness laba
goose zanse
gopher dukis
goshawk gertavanagis
Gospel Evangelijan ( Click Here for the Gospel of Thomas )
Gothic gudiskai ( Click Here for Gothic Glossary )
Gothland
Gudija
Goths  gudai
govern (Inf) vaispataut, rīkaut
grab (Inf.) gribt
grace atnīstis
grace ( beauty ) graze
gracious (kind) mīlingas
gracious atnīsteislaimas
grain arī, saras
grainary klēte [ Old Gutnish "kleti" ]
grain cockle kunklas
grainfield dirva
grainseed zirna
grandaughter nepte ( declension similar to " dukte ")  
grandfather tētīs
grandmother ane
grandson nepōtis
grapes vīnavōgos
grass zole
grave kapas
graze / chew (Inf) karvot
Great Spirit Deivas (vōkapirmas)
grease smaras
greater mais
greatest vōkamaisisis
greed gūtas
greedy gūtingas
green zal'jan
greenery zilme
green snake anksteris
green woodpecker melata
greet / welcome (Inf.) apkailint  
grey sīvan
greyhound kurtas
grey-silver (dappled) sirvan
griddle panuka
grind (Inf) malt
grindstone tekailas
groove kurta
group pera, perōne
ground ivy budre
ground, floor asla
grouse (tetrao tetrix) tartarvis
grow full (Inf.)   pilnīt   
grow musty (Inf.)   dulvīt    
grow old (Inf.) vorīt   
grow porous (Inf.)   akīt
grow sour (Inf.) rugt
grow stale (Inf.) stalbt
grumble (Inf.) murotun 
guard ( tend ) (Inf.) sergīt    
gudgeon grundukis
guest gastis
guidance vada
gullet kose  
gulp (Inf.) mulkt
gums dantimaksna
guts grabas, zarna
hail gradas
hair serīs, skebelis
half pausan, pusis
half-cook (Inf.) nidakept
half-dozen (used with plural noun) vushorei / vushoris
halm vogaras
halter ( muzzle ) aukla
hames padas
hamlet vaisis
hammer kūjas
hand ranka
hang (Inf.) kabīt 
happen (Inf.) audōtunsi
happily veselingai
happy veselas
hard keitas
harden (Inf.) keitint
hare sasnīs
harm (damage) skoda
harness for plow peske
harp kankles
harrow aketes
harrow (Inf.) aket
harrower aketojas
hart ragingis
hasp alode
hat kelmis
hatchet skaplis
hate (Inf.) dergīt 
haunch (hip) kulse
have (Inf.) turīt 
have mercy (Inf.) engraudīt
have mercy! (imp.) engraudīs!
hay seina
hay (oats) kraise
hay-green sēkas
haycockle auklekstes
hayrack abaras
haystack kūgis
haze dūmaka
hazel grouse brūneta
he tanas
he ( it, one) (enclitic) dis / -di
head galva
heal (cure ) (Inf.) gidīt
healthy (adj.) kailūstiskas
heap rupis, kaupas
hear (Inf.) girdīt  
hear-listen (Inf.) klausīt
hear! (imp.) klausīs!
heart sēras
hearth pēlena, kerta
heat garme
heath sila, palve
heathen silanīkas
heathen ( priest ) vorskaitas
heather
virzis
heaven dangus ( Click Here for info )
heavenly danginiskas
heavenly (definite) danginisisis
heddles nītīs
hedgehog azīs 
heed (Inf.) atbot
heel pentis
height auktan
heirloom palaide
heirs veldūnai
hell (devil) pikulas
hello! kailas! ( also the laconic " kails " )
helm vairas
helmit salmas
help pagalba
help (Inf.) galbt
hemlock mauda
hemp kanapis ( Click Here for info )
hempfield kanap'laukas
hempgrower kanapinīkas
hemp rope rismenis
hempseed kanap'sēmen
hemp-tent ( conical tent ) kūte  
hen gerta
her ( to / for -Dat.sg.) tanai
herdsman gunas
here shan, shen
here (adv.) shai
here! here! va! va!
heron geise
herring sīlecke
hide (Inf.) auklept  
high auktis
highway pentas
hill garbas
hilly (area) garbingis
hillock kauburis, kumbris
him ( to / for -Dat.sg) tanasmai
him, her (Acc.sg.) tanan
hinder (Inf.) endējot   
hipbeam (on wagon) slaune
hips stranai
his (Gen.sg.) tanasa (Gen.ntr.sg. "tanesa")
hobble ( rope link ) penta
hobgoblin aitvaras
hoe kersle
hog (wild boar) vepris
hold on (Inf.) enlaikot    
hold (carry) (Inf.) bert
hold ( fulfill ) (Inf.) laikot    
hole (small) akas
hollow (of a tree) dreve
holy sventas
holy ( saintly )   sventīkas  
Holy Spirit Sventas Naseilis
home butan, dimstis (Click Here for Photo)
homestead namai, dimstis
honey medu
honeycomb korīs
honeysuckle-elm skirpstas
honor (Inf.) zmonint   
honor (Inf.) teisint
hood kīka
hoof nagas
hook ansas
hook ( clasp ) kabe
hope (belief) nadruvīsna   
horn ragasta
horn (to blow) ragas
horn (to drink from) taure
hornbeam ( tree ) skobervas    
hornet sirsilis
horse (wild tarpan)  paustakaika (Click Here for Photo)
horse (fast) rusas
horse (plowhorse) asveikīs
horse (mare) asva
horse (stallion) zirgas
horsecollar shaft staide
horsehair valas
horsefly pisevas
horseman (rider) jotīs
horsemeat abrakas
horseradish krēna
horseshoe lataka
hospitable vaisingas
host gastpatis
hostility nertis
hound skalenīkas
house of stone stabinabutan
house ( home ) butan
householder butsargas
how much keli
how ( with what ) ku, san-ku  ( <* )
how; as (conj.) kaigi
how ( as;so that ) kai
howl (Inf.) kaukt
hub (sward) nabeta
hub (wheelhub) kelanabas
hue (tint) varsa
human (adj.) zmoneniskas 
humble lauzdingiskas
humble ( somber ) lauzdingas
humbled (Inf.) lauzdint
humiliate (Inf.) zemint
hump; back kupra
hundred (n., sg, pl) simtan, simtai
hunger alkis
hunger (Inf.) alkt
hungry alkinas
hunt med'one    
hunter med'jas
hurt skaudīt   
husband vīras
husband's brother daive
husband ( familyhead ) patis
hymn gaisme
I as   [ Latvian " es ", Talysh " az " ]
ice ledas, izas
icicle varvetlis
if (conj.) ikai
ill ligas
imagine (Inf.) ermīrit   
immediately (adv.) vumai
immigrant pergubis
impetuous skilas
impregnate (Inf.) abveisint  
improper niteisivingas   
improper nikankstas   
improve (Inf.) valnint
in similar- fashion ainavīdiskai
in the future pareijingiskai   
in vain (adv.) ensus
in, into (prep.) en / an-   -( w/ Dat. or Acc.)
inborn (Inf.) engimtun
include (Inf.) abimtun
include (Inf.) entensīt
include, draft (Inf.) rept
incorporate (Inf.) enkermenint
increase (Inf.) tūlint
indepedent pavirpas
indolent niseilivingas
induce (Inf.) akint
inhabit (Inf.) buvint
inherit (Inf.) veldīt  
inherit (Inf.) veldintun
inheritance veldīsna   
ink paisalas
innocent nivinautiskas  
innocent (Inf.) nivinautun
instant akīmirka
instead of (prefix) per-
institute (Inf.) ensodint   
instruct (Inf.) pavaidint
instrument enrankis
instrument (for spit) dēlapagabtis   
interaction sąveika
intercession
pramaldis
intestine (gut) zarna
intricacy pintle
intuition auseiliska ( Click here for example )
inventive rasmingas
invite (Inf.) kvaist
iris kalavija
iron gelza
is asti [ variants " esti ", or spoken " est / ast " ]
island sala
it -di (enclitic)
it's (Gen.sg.ntr.) tanesa
itch (Inf.) perst
jackdaw kote
January sausis
Jatvingian jotvingiskan ( re: ᛁᛅᛏᚢᛁᚴᛋ ᚱᚢᛋ  )
jaw zandas
jay bukavarne
jealous sturnatikromas 
Jesus Jēzus  
Jew Jūde (Click Here for Photo)
join (Inf.) sandēt 
joke jōkas, (Inf) jōkaut
journey pentausna
joy (happiness) tūldīsna  
joyful (adj.) veseliskas
judge (Inf.) līgint
judgement līga
jug kragas
juice ( sap ) (pl.) sīvai
July leipa
June berzelis
juniper kadagīs
just like, as ainavīdai
Karaims Karaimai ( Click here for Photos )
Karaim karaimiskai
keep holy (Inf.) sventint
keep quiet (Inf.) nienbilīt    
keep-hold (Inf.) palaikot   
keep-preserve (Inf.) izlaikot    
Kenesa kenesa     (Karaim house of worship)
(see photo below-Trakai, Lt.)

kernel endra
kestrel pelēmaigīs
kettle katilas
kettle (of copper) varene
key raktas
kick (strike) trenkt
kidney inkste
kill (Inf.) galint
kind (merciful) atnīvingas
kind (species) preigimine
kindness labasegēsna   
king (leader) valdnīkas
kingdom rike
kingfisher apisargis
kinglet (bird) preistaras
kiss (Inf.) skupstīt
kitchen kukare
knee klupstas
kneel (Inf.) pakvelpt
knife peilis
knife (for chopping) kalopeilis 
knob (wood) vimis
knock (Inf.) dendīt    
knoll guga, kaperna
know (Inf.) mokītun
know (Inf.) vaistun
knowledge vaisna
knuckle krumpstus
koopoe (upupa epops) parpalis
lady patni
lair kinis
lake (neuter) azeran
lambkin jērist'an
lament (Inf.) raudot 
lamentation rauda, raudone  
lamp lukerna
lance kel'an
lanceshaft kel'azde
land (nation) tauta
land (earth) zeme
landlord laukinīkas
language bila
lap (Inf.) lakt
lapwing pempe
larch maugar'an
lard taukas
large debīkas
lark verversis
lass merga
lasso kilpa
last pansdaumasis
last year pernai
late (adj.) velūstas
late (adv.) velai
Latvia Latava
Latvian lataunīkas
Latvian lataviskai
laugh (Inf.) smeit, smagint
law ( honor) teise
lazy sautas
lead alvas
lead (Inf.) vestun
leader valdas
league perōne  
leaf (petal; page) lapas
leap (Inf.) skast
learn (Inf.) izmokint  
lease randa
leather k'auta
leather (worked, fine) nognan
leech kraujavirpis
Left (vs. R.) laivas
lefthand saujas
leg nage
legend saka
leggings autai
length of time ilgimas
lentil līkutkekers
lessen (Inf) mazint
let (let loose) (Inf.) laist
letter ( note ) peismenis
letters (marks) runai
level aikūstas
level (Inf.) līgint
lexicon (wordlist) virdainas
liar melagīs
liberate (Inf.) erkīnint
liberation erkīnsna
lichen karpune
lick leizīt
lick (kiss) (Inf.) paleizīt
lid apstoktan    
lie (Inf.) laugt
lie down (Inf.) gultun
life force (energy) veika
life gīve, gīvata
lift up (Inf.) erlengvīt 
light (radiance) zvaigzdan
light (easy) lengvas
light-hearted lengvaseilingas
lightning flash melde
like (similar) palīgas, ainavīdas
like (similarly) enpalīgai
lily lele
limb karka, lagzda
linden leipa
linden rich area leipalingis
linden grove leiporai
linear time kerda
link penta
lip varzus
listen (Inf.) paklausīt
Lithuania Leitava
(a) Lithuanian leitaunīkas ( Click Here for Photo )
Lithuanian leitaviskai
little maza (few)
little mazais (the little / few)
little brother broterelis    
live (Inf.) gīvēt   
liver jakna
lizard estureita
loam (mud) laidas
lock sąmakas
lock (Inf.) slīgt     
lock spring speklas
lodge at night (Inf.) naktaut
log (pile of wood) lauzas
log (treetrunk) saksta
long ilgas
long (adv.) ilgai
long ago vorai     
look upon (Inf.) endīrīt    
look-see (Inf.) dīrīt     
loop anka
lord (master) rikīs
lose (Inf.) izmaitint
louse vutis
love mīle
love (Inf.) mīlēt
loveletters  sēraspeismenes    
lover ( wife )  zupone    
low (adj.) zemas
luck (good luck) giliukan
lunch (Inf) peitaut
lungs plaut'a
lust labakvaitīsna 
lustre (polish) gluda
lye sirmas
lynx lūsis
mace vẽzdras [ * vẽźras> vẽzdras w/ "d" from lagz-da synonym; Skt " vajrah " ]
magnificent rikējiskas   
magpie sarka
maiden (unmarried) genīka
maiden, girl mergele
mail (post delivery) pastas
make (Inf.) tikint
make (Inf.) patikint, kurt
make a match (Inf.) pirst
make crooked (Inf.) kreivint
make-love (Inf.) pist
make offering (Inf.) aukot   
make strong (Inf.) drūtint
make-create (Inf.) teiktun
malicious melas
man zmōj
man zmonentinas    
man (person) zmonentis  
man (husband) vīras
manger rinda (row of stalls)
manner budas
manual rankinis
manure transa
many tūlas
maple skutīs
March kovas
mare asva, kēve
mare's milk asvīnan
mark (sign) zīme
marriage sąliūba
marriage (ceremony) sąliūsna
marriage-performer l'ūbenīkas
married (adjective) sąliūbiskas
married-man sąliūbavīras   
married-fem. (adj.) patiniska
marry (Inf.) vest
marsh rosemary veisene
marsh baltan, pelke
marshy reed meldas
marten k'aune
mask kauke
massage (hold) (Inf.) laikīt
 
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Virdainas - U.S.A. Copyright 1994 - All Rights Reserved
A Restored Lexicon of our Sūdovian & Yatving Indigenous Language
For Use By Sūdovians & Yatvings, and their descendants.