the Baltic consonants š, ž, č, are written out as sh, zh, ch.

sit down (Inf.) kresīt
six vushai / vushas
sixteen aindesimt vushai
sixth vushtas
sixty vushdesimt
skewer akstis
skin (hide) k'auta, skarda
skull kerpetas
sky (also "palate") dangus
slag auveras
slander (Inf.) navait'ot 
Slavic slaviskai
sleep maigas
sleep (Inf.) enmigt
sleep (Inf.) maigt
sleepy maigūstas
sleet krusa
sleigh slaja
sleigh-spoke/support stibinis
sleighrunner-ski slajan
slender laisas
slime dūnas
sling metītle, vilpstīne
slink (Inf.) slinkt
slow lēnas
slower lēnais 
slowest lēnaisisis 
slush tove 
small līkutas
smelt smerlingīs
smeltfish malkis
smoke dūmas
smoke (Inf.) rukīt
smooth glodus  
snail snake
snake ankstiras
snipe gesnīs
snipe (great) slanke
snooze (Inf.) dretun
snot snokstas
snow snaigas
snow (Inf.) snaigt
snowflake snaigele
snug (Inf.) glaust
sober aulaikingas
solar saulinis
sole (fish) skraislis
sole (of boot) pamatas
sole (of foot) plasmena
solely-born (Inf.) ainangamint
something (place) deiktas 
something useful terpa
son sūnus
son-in-law zentas
song (popular) grīmika
song ( & dance )  daina
sorrow alkiniskas
soul dūse, seilis
sound (strong)  tervas
sound (utterance)  zodis 
soup sūpas, juse (broth)
soupbowl zidukā
South Peitai
southwest wind aulaukis
south-wind peitvīs
southern peitinis
sow (Inf.) sēt
sow pig sk'aure
space plotībe
spade lopta 
spark spankste
sparrow sperglas 
sparrow-hawk sperglavanagis
spead (Inf.) plēst
speak (Inf.) bilēt  ( also bīlot )
speak (Inf.) vait'ot  
spear keljan, akinas
special sklaitavingiskas
spin (Inf.) snīt
spindle-tree vozigrabis 
spirit naseilis
Spirit (of fruition) Pushkaitis
Spirit (of healing) Aushautis
spiritual naseilivingiskas
spiritual (adj.) deivotiskas 
spiritual (holy) (adj.) sventiskas
spit for roasting aismas
splash praust (Inf)
spleen bluzne
splinter spelanstis
split (Inf.) skelt
spoke kelaranka
spokesman vait'jas
spool saiva
spoon lapinas
spoon (ladle) birgakartis
spoonbait blinga
spot mēlīna
spread (Inf.) plotint 
Spring Vasara
spring (in meadow) veisijas
spring (waterhole) apuzē
sprout (Inf.) zembīt
spruce adle
squirrel vevare
stab bedīs
stable staldas
stack grīda
staff (priest's) krivule
stag ragingis
stairs trepai
stake dība
stalk zalgan, sapas
stallion zirgas
stand (Inf.) stot  
stand (Inf.) stalīt 
star lauksna
starling doka
stay (Inf.) stovinīt 
stay (for a while) (Inf.) pabūt
steal (Inf.) rengt
steal (hide) (Inf.) aukleptun
steam (Inf.) porint
steed zirgas
steel plainas
steel (striker to make fire) panustaklan
stench smardas
step to (Inf.) trept
stepdaughter podukre
stepfather potovelis
stepmother pomotre 
stepson posūnus
stick (Inf.) lipt
stiffen (Inf.) tirpt
stiffen (Inf.) stirt
still (now) dabar
stirrup linga
stirrup-strap lingosaitan 
stomach vederas
stone stabas
stone-cutter stabaskaldis
stool klumpas
stop ! stonais ! ( for singular )
stop ! stonaite ! ( for plural )
stork
gandarus
store kaupabutan
story saka
stove (oven of stone) stabene
straddle (Inf.) abzergt   
strap anzalias
straw salme, kraise
strawberry zemvōga
stream strautas
street gatve ( Gothic loanword )
strength sparte
strengthen
(Inf.) spartint
strengthen (Inf.) paspartint
strict drūktavingiskas
strike (Inf.) kirst, gant
strike (Inf.) pert
striped raibas
strong drūktas, tervas
strong (adj.) spartiskas
strong spartus
stout storas
struggle (Inf.) kīnīt
struggle (conflict) karausna
stubble stramba
stuffy air tvankas
stumble (Inf.) klupt
stump kalmus
sturgeon esketras
subject to pametavingas
subjected (Inf.) pamest
subsribe (Inf.) abanot 
succeed apvarīt 
suck (Inf.) sūkt
suckle (Inf.) zīst
Sūdovia Sūdava (Click Here for Photo)
sūdovian sūdaviskan
(a) sūdovian sūdaunīkas ( Click here for Photo)
Sūdovian sūdaviskai
Sūdovian language Sūdaviun bila ( Click here for info )
suet loja 
suffer (Inf.) stenīt 
suffering stensenis
sufficient zuit
Summer Dagas
summer sprout dagoaugis
summerwheat dagagaidīs
summon (Inf.) envakīt
summon (invitation) kvait'an
sun saule
Sunday Nadēle
sundown vakras 
sunflower saulute
support (beam) stakle
sure tikromiskas  
surely (freely) arviskai
swallow (Inf.) mulkt
swallow (Barn) smikuta
swamp baltan, pelke, mukas
swan gulbīs
swarm eibe
swear (Inf) perkūnaut
sweep (Inf) klīst 
sweet saldūstas
swell (Inf) tvint, brinkt
swift (bird) smikuta
swingletree velas
sword kalavian
swordhandle digna
sycamore javaras
syllable zodis
table stalas
tablebeer skinkis
tailor skrutele
take (Inf) imtun
take-care-of  (Inf)  kust,  perzurgaut
tale saka
tall auktis
tanyardman minīkas
tanbark dumbas
tarpan paustakaika
tartness aitra
taste-well (Inf) skanīt 
tasty skanu
tavern karcema
tax kasis, perlenke
tea arbate
teach (Inf) mokint, preigerbt
teacher mokinvingas 
teaching mokinsna   
team pulkas
tear asara
teeth dantis
tell (Inf) sakīt
temperature (warmth) tape
tempest aure
temple (sacred grove) alkas
temporal kermeniniskas
temporally kēsmingiskai 
tempt (Inf.) enkaitīt  
ten desimtis
tench (fish) līnis
tent saitra
tenth desimtas
tenth (neuter) desimtan
term (span of time) laikan
tern starnīte
test (Inf.) perbandot,
test perbandosna 
testament testamentan
texture audetlis
than (adv.) ter
than (conj.) nikai 
thank (Inf.) denkaut  
thanks denka
thanksgiving denkasegīsna
that one kaidi
thatch-shingle ilmas
thaw-mud taina
the living (adj.) gīvais
the, these ( pl.. m., f. ) stai, stos
the, this (masc.) stas
thee (enclitic) -ti
their (Gen.pl.) tanaisun
them (-to/for)Dat.pl)  tanams
them (Acc.pl.) tanans
then stadan
thence ( from there ) izstendau
there stē, sten
there! there! na! na!
thereafter panzdau
therefore stasa pagan
these shai
they (m.,f.) tanai / tanos
thick tankus, tirsas
thicken (Inf.) tankint
thief vagis
thigh slaunas
thing daiktas, pavīstis
third tirt'as
thirst tirsnas
thirteen aindesimt trīs
thirty trīsdesimt
this shis
this kind stavīdas
thistle strigla
thorn kaubre
thou ( you ) (singular) / tu
thought mīrisna
thousand tūsimtis
thread auvilkis
thread shuta
thread (for shoes) shumena
thread (string) nītis
thread (yarn) shutuvan
threat trine
threat (menace) grasa
threaten (Inf.) trint
three trīs
threefold treja (sg. neut.)
thresh kalint, plakt (Inf)
threshing-barn jauja
threshing barn floor kalene
threshold pakarta
thrice trivarst
throat gurkle
throb (Inf.) tvaksīt 
through (prep.) pra
throw mētis
throw (cast) (Inf.) mest
thumb instīkas
thunder gruminas
Thunderspirit Perkūnas [ < Globular Amphora substratum "Perkūnija" - peak ]
Thursday Ketvirtīkas
thus tīt
thus (adv.) tītet
thy (Nom.sg.fem.) tvaja 
thy (Nom.sg.masc.) tvajas
tick erke
tie (Inf.) per-reist, sait
tile skalja
till (Inf.) artun
time (linear) kerda ( time as in a linear "herd" of instants )
time, occasion (this "time") kēsmas
tin skarstas
to be lying down gulīt  
to cease (Inf.) l'autun
to fish (Inf.) zukaut
to forge (Inf.) kaltun
to gossip (Inf.) inzuvautun
to him preidin
to / for me menei
to / for my (Dat.s.f.) majai
to / for my (Dat.s.m.) majasma
to / for one's own sebei
to / for the stasma
to / for thee (Dat.) tebei
to / for us (Dat.pl.) nūms
to / for-whom/what kasma
to / for you (Dat.pl) jūms
toad gabava
today shandeinan (Acc)
toe nagepirstas
tomtit zīnika
tongs reples
tongue inzuvis
too ( much ) per
tool pabutlan
top most ( very ) - ( prefix ) vōka- 
torment
lailīsna   
torture (Inf) lailīt   
toss (Inf.) supt
total (adj.) emperējiskas   
totally visai
touch (Inf.) enkausint
towel kekulas
tracks ( path ) pentas
trail pentele, brīde
Trakai Trakai ( Click Here for Old Map )
trample (Inf.) trimpt, mint
transient praeivingiska
tranquillity rimtis
transgress (Inf.) ertrept
translate (Inf.) verst
transport (Inf.) vezt
traps (for rabbits) sasnitintlā
travel (Inf) pentaut  
traveler pentautojas   
tree gar'an
trembling dribinsna
trespass (Inf.) prazengt
tress kekste, bizā
tribe gintu
tribesman gintus
trivial menkas
trot belt tarkus
trouble (Inf.) vargint
troubled auminvens
trough galda
trout palasalis
truck (Inf.) atvezt
true izarviska
true arvis
truly arviskai
truly (adv.) perarvi
trunk stambas
truss sparas
trust (Inf.) aushaudīt   
truthful (adj.) teisiskas
truthfully teisingai
try / tempt (Inf.) perbandīt
Tuesday Visasēdis
tumor tane
turn (Inf.) vartint
turn (Inf.) vartīt
turn (change) (Inf.) verst
turnip rope
turtle zelvīs
twelve aindesimt dvai
twenty dvidesimt
twenty-two dvidesimt dvai
twice dvaivarst
two dvai
twofold dveja (sg. neut.)
unbelief nidruvis 
unbelief (atheism) nedruve  
unbelieving nidruvingas  
uncle tēvas
uncle (by mother) avīs
under (after) (prep.) pa-
understand (Inf.) pret, izpret
undertake (Inf.) endōt
unfaithful neizarvis (untrue, not genuine)
unique ainoka
until (prep.) ergi
up to ( even to ) erprei
up ( on ) vunzei
upperlip area panose
urinate (Inf.) mizt
us (Acc.pl.) mans
useful enterpan
useful slūzingiskas
useless nienterpinskas
utter (Inf.) tart
vail loma
valley lendan
valley padaubīs
valuable vertingas
valuable vertingiskas
vapor para
Varangian-Norse russiskai  [ Greek "Ρωσιστί" ]
Varangians Russai  [ re: Norwegian " Róss-folk "]
varigated maisotas
veil silkasdrimbas
vein (jugular) petigīsla
vein gīsla
ventilate (Inf.) vēdint
verbal virdinis
vermin bruda
very- (prefix for "top most") vōka- 
vessel saikas
vetch vikis
vice abkeika
victory abvarīsna
Vikings Rusing'ai  [ re: Norwegian " Róss-menn ", re: Ρως, Ρωσσία, Русь ]
village kaimas [ "residual Centum word"  < Globular Amphora substratum in Sūduva ]
viper angis
vision (prophetic) vaidas
vision (rapture) ermas
visit (Inf.) kaimalūkīt
voice tartis
volunteer work talka
vulva pīzda
wade (Inf.) brendīt
wade about (Inf.) braidīt
wage alga
wage-earner algenīkas 
wagon abazas
wagon-sleigh vazīs
wagonboard (side) gravīne
wagondriver kelavezīs
waist drastus
wait (Inf.) geidīt
wait! geideis!
wake (Inf.) baudint
walk (Inf.) zengt
wall zeidas
walleye sterkas
wander (Inf.) apjot ( ride around  )
want (Inf.) kvaitīt   
war karas
warbler sokīs
warm tap'as
warmer tapis
warn (Inf.) perspēt  
warn (Inf.) brīdinot  
warp ( thread ) audai
was bē (3rd pr. pst.)
wash (Inf) velīt   
wash away (Inf.) aumūst
wash-rinse (Inf.) skalaut
wasp vapse
waste (Inf.) dergīt   
watch over (Inf.) budēt  
water vundas [  Old Norse "uðr", wave  ]
waterdrop lasas
water wagtail kīla
wave vilne
wave (Inf.) mojat
way ( "a link" that spans) pentas
wax vaskan
We ( plural of "I" ) mes
weakest kuslaisis
weapon sarvas
weasel mozuka
weave (Inf.) aust
weaver (fem.) audīja
weaver (Polish) tukoris  
wed (Inf.) vest
wedge kīlīs
Wednesday Pusisavaite
weeds klatai
week sąvaite
weekly (adj.) nadēlinis
weep (Inf.) asarot  
weight vel'an
weir varza
well (adv.) labai
West vakarai
what (poly-ethnic neuter) ka
wheat gaidīs
wheel kelan
wheelrim (metalband) naskilis
wheelrim (old type) skritaile
when (conj.) kadan
when (conj.) kan
whence (from where) izkvendau 
where kvei   ( <* kuei )
whetstone galanstabas
whey suitrist'a
which kavīdas
which (of two) kataras
whip (lash) bruzjis
whisk kleksta
white gailan, bilsan
whithered kalsas
who ( what ) kas ( poly-ethnic neuter-" ka ")
whore manga
why kasa pagan
wide plotus  
widow vidava
wife (of clan-elder) vaispatina
wife (elder woman) patina
wife gena
wild pausta
wildcat paustakata
wilderness p'austre
will kvaitas
willow apvitva
willow-tree glōsis
wind vētra
wind giant vējukas ( one eyed - like Odinn relative )
window
langsta
windstorm vīdra
wine vīnas
wing sparnan
wink (Inf.) merkt
winnowing area pervējus
Winter Zeima
winter out (Inf.) zeimaut
wintergrain zeimīs
winter wren preskaras
wire dratas
wisent zambras
wish (belief) padruvīsna  
wish (desire) (Inf.) kvaitīt  
wish (offer) (Inf.) abkailint
witch (Inf.) raganaut
with (prefix) sa-
with (prep.) san -( with Accusative or Dat.)
within entrai
without (prep.) be
witness vīdikausna
wizard vorskaitas ( elder Sūdovian "seer" )
wolf vilkas ( Yatvings dialect "vulks" w/ Gutnish like vowel.)
woman (wife) gena 
woman (lady) vīrina
wood block trupas
wood (resinous wood) dreva
woodcock gesnīs 
wooden garinis
wooden plow artuvan
woodpecker genīkis
woodpecker (black) krakta
woodpecker (green) melata
woodpecker (dendrocopos minor) aitagenīs
wood pidgeon (columba palumbus) k'aukaris
wool vilna
word virdas
work dēlas  
work force dēlnīkai  
work (do) (Inf.) gevint
worker (laborer) dēlnīkas, gevinīs
worker (laborer) dēlantis
world pasaulis, svētan
worldly svētaviskas
worm kirmis
worship (Inf.) deivinot 
worthy vertas
worthy (valuable) vertīvingas 
wound eisva
wrathful nikaitingas  
wreath vainukas
wrinkle sanskrampausna
wrinkle (Inf.) skrampautun
wrist raisas
write (Inf.) peisotun 
wrong nitikras
yard ( of house ) burvalkas
year metan
yearling jēris
yellow geltainan
yellow-oatgrass marlaka
yellowhammer (bird) zigzdre
yelp (Inf.) ambrīt
yes jo ( a Yotvingianism < Old Norse-Gutnish " " )
yesterday vakran
yew-tree juvas
yogurt sula
yoke jūnga
yoke (Inf.) jūngtun
Yotvingian ( O.N. Játvígr > genitive sg. "Játvįgs" Róssmenn ) jotvings
Yotvingian jotvingiskai ( Grodno / Rudmina LT regional polyethnic dialects )
Yotvingians Jotvingai, Russai  ( " Róssfolk ", also Яцьвяг )
you (Nom.pl.) jūs
young maldas, jaunas
young (the) maldaisis
your (Gen.pl.) jūsun
yours' jūsas
youth (fem.) maldūne
zeal aistra
zero naikas
zone stritis

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photo by Pashka


Virdainas Lexicon

Virdainas

Virdainas

Sūduvių Kalbos Žodynas

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Virdainas - U.S.A. Copyright 1994 - All Rights Reserved
A Restored Lexicon of our Sūdovian & Yatving Indigenous Language
For Use By Sūdovians & Yatvings, and their descendants.