Sūdovian has the same four nominal accent classes as does Lithuanian, but it has retained the original accentual state of Baltic ( an acute rising accent and a circumflex falling accent). The first class is the acute barytone paradigm. The second is the circumflex barytone paradigm. Thirdly, the acute mobile paradigm. Lastly, the circumflex mobile paradigm. The Lithuanian - Sūdovian Zietela dialect reflects this most clearly.


Sūdovian is pronounced much like Lithuanian or Latvian. The "j" is pronounced like English "y", as in "you". Long "ō" is just that. The "ai" is often pronounced like "ei", as in the Lithuanian dialects of Sūduva (Suvalkija*). In rapid speech, the optional shortening of the nom. endings [-as], and [-is], may occur > [ -s ]. The old vowel [ā-] had aged to an [o-], as in the Lithuanian - Sūdovian Zietela dialect.

Words beginning with the labial vowels [o-] or [u-] have the West Baltic prothetic [v-] that continues to this day in and around the dialect of Vilkaviškis, and other places in Sūduva.

Examples - * "mātē" > "mote" in Sūduva dialect area, std. "urvas" > "vurvas" in Vilkaviškis and Sūduva.

Word initial  [v-] in some words is weakened. Example -  vōkapirmas "Creator". A parallel weakening is known in Sorbian. Some may say the  prothetic [v-] is "neutralized".



Related Books & Resource Publications

Basanavičius, Dr. J. 1905 Lietuviškos Pasakos Dalis IV -  Lietuva, Chicago ( Click here for photo )

Būga, Kazimieras 1922 Kalba Ir Senove -Kaunas, Lietuva  ( Click here for photo )

Drotvinas, Vincas 1992 Lexicon Lithuanicum -Mokslas, Vilnius

Endzelīns, Jānis 1971 Comparative Phonology and Morphology of the Baltic Languages -The Hague, Paris( Click here for excerpt )

Endzelīns, Jānis 1943 Senprūšu Valoda -Riga, Latvia

Illič-Svytyč, Vladislav M. 1963 Imennaja akcentuacija v baltijskom i slavjanskom - Moskva( Click here for more )

Кибинь A.С. 2008  Ятвяги в X-XI вв.: « балтское племя » или « береговое братство »?
 // Studia Slavica et Balcanica Petropolitana.  № 2(4). С.117-132
. ( Click here for PDF  - w/ English summary )

Кибинь, А.С. 2012  От Ятвязи до Литвы: политические и социокультурные трансформации
в бассейне Верхнего Немана в X-XIII веках
/ Москва: Квадрига.
- w/ an English summary  )

Klusis, Mikelis 1989 Naujosios Prūsų Kalbos Grammatika-Vilnius

Lalis, Antanas 1915 A Dictionary of the English and Lithuanian Languages-Lietuva, Chicago

Mažiulis, Vytautas 1990-93 Prūsų Kalbos Etimologijos Žodynas 1, 2, 3, 4-Mokslas, Vilnius ( Click here for Bio & link )

Mažiulis, Vytautas 1966 Prūsų Kalbos Paminklai -Mintis, Vilnius

Mažiulis, Vytautas 1981 Prūsų Kalbos Paminklai II -Mintis, Vilnius

Sabaliauskas, Algirdas 1990 Lietuvių Kalbos Leksika -Mokslas, Vilnius

Schmalstieg, William R. 1965 Readings In Old Prussian -Pennsylvania State University,  University Park

1974 An Old Prussian Grammar -University Park and London, Penn. St. University Press ( Click here for photo )

1976 Studies in Old Prussian -University Park and London, Penn. St. University Press

1970 The Old Prussian Verb / Baltic Linguistics-Penn. State University Press

1983 A Lithuanian Historical Syntax -Slavica

Stundžia, B., and Mikelis Klusis 1995 The First Prussian Book -Pradai, Vilnius

Toporov, V.N. 1975- Prusskij jazyk: slovar' -Nauka, Moscow( Click here for photo )

Turkina, E 1982 Latvian-English Dictionary -Avots, Riga

Vidugiris, Aloyzas 1998 Zietelos Šnektos Žodynas, Mokslo ir Enciklopedijų Leidybos Institutas, Vilnius

Zinkevičius, Z. 1966 Lietuvių Dialektologija -Mintis, Vilnius

Зверуго Я. Г., 1975  Древний Волковыск. X-XIV вв. - Минск ( Click here for page-photos) next from Contents

Sudovian woodcut

 The Republic of Lithuania ruled in 2005
that SŪDUVA is only an ethnic/cultural term.
* The foreign term Suvalkija was officially reimposed on Sūduva.
~ Sūduva was not allowed to vote! ~


Virdainas - U.S.A. Copyright 1994 - All Rights Reserved
A Restored Lexicon of our Sūdovian & Yatving Indigenous Language 
For Use By Sūdovians & Yatvings